On Jan. 1, several laws involving motorists go into effect.
The laws are as follows:
AB2020 A person arrested on suspicion of driving under the influence will no longer have the choice of taking a urine or blood test.
AB45 Underage drinking in charter-party carriers (limousines, buses, vans, etc.) will be prohibited and a person at least 25 years old must be present when there are passengers younger than 21.
AB1536 Motorists using hands-free technology while driving will be required to have a voice-operated hands-free device to dictate, send or listen to text messages.
AB1708 Drivers will have the option of providing registration and insurance information via an electronic device (smartphones, tablets, etc.)
SB1047 The California Highway Patrol will activate a "Silver Alert" upon request if a person 65 or older is reported missing.
AB2189 Driver's license applicants who are not eligible for a Social Security number will be eligible to receive a driver's license if the person can prove they have federal authorization to be in the United States.
AB2489 The penalty for altering, repositioning or obscuring the readability of license plates will be set at $250.
AB1452 Hospitals, clinics and birthing centers will be required to provide information on child safety seat requirements, installation and inspection to parents and caregivers
AB1404 It will be illegal to knowingly distribute or sell previously deployed airbags.